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انشاءات اللغة الإنجليزية WRITING FOR 2ND BAC
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مُساهمةعنوان المشاركة: انشاءات اللغة الإنجليزية WRITING FOR 2ND BACمرسل: السبت يونيو 01, 2013 9:27 pm

رسالة تدعو فيها صديقك كي يقلع عن التدخين
Dear Ahmed ,
How are you?Are you fine?I hope you enjoying your life.
I heard that you had been smoking with your friends in the publics.
I want to advise you that smoking can make your lungs dangerous.
You should quit smoking.If your friends does not want to quit smoking let them be.
I really do not want you have lungs cancer.Smoking can make you die.Smoking llooks cool but it will regret you.Believe me.
I hope you will stop smoking.I hope you will not follow your bad friends.
You
can follow your good friends but not your bad friends.If you have
lighter and cigrattes,please throw away that.If you cannot stop
smoking,please kindly call the Quit Smoking Helpline.

I hope to hear from you soon!
Yours Sincerely,
Mustapha
A wedding party
وصف حفل عرس
Last
year I was invited to my cousin’s wedding, so I wore my best clothes : a
new kaftan and a scarf. I put some make-up, too. When we arrived at my
cousin’s, we were pleased to see the house decorated with lamps and
flowers. The groom’s family received us warmly, with dates and milk.
Then, we chose a good place and sat down waiting for the party to begin.

After
twenty minutes, the bride and the groom came accompanied with naghaffa,
a woman who organises the procession and chooses the clothes for the
bride to wear each time she appears to the guests. The groom was wearing
a djellaba and the bride was wearing a beautiful kaftan. They both
looked charming as they greeted the guests who were wishing them well.

When
the groom and the bride sat on the armchairs reserved for them, the
music continued to play and the waiters served juice and cakes. We
really enjoyed ourselves dancing, laughing and sometimes singing with
the band folk songs. An hour later, we had dinner, which was special and
quite delicious.

Finally,
we gave our gifts to the bride and the groom, wishing them a happy
life, and we were given some sweets. It was an unforgettable party; we
had a good time indeed

اكتب عن حدث وقع لك سعيد او العكس
Write about a happy or an unhappy event
Life
is full of good and bad events. As far as I am concerned, I had a
terrible experience that I still remember and I always tell my friends
about it.

It
was a Sunday evening when my family decided to visit my aunt. I refused
to go with them because I had some homework to do. After doing my
homework, I made a pizza, ate it and started revising my lessons.
Suddenly, I heard a noise at the door. It seemed that somebody was
trying to open the door. The door was forced open. I hid under the bed
and I phoned my father, using my mobile phone. The burglars took what
they could carry but my father came with the police who arrested them.

The
surprise was that the burglars were actually our neighbours who thought
that no one was in the house. My family gave me due respect because I
saved a lot of their things. I’m still proud of what I did.

تأثير البيئة على صحة الانسان
Your health depends on your daily behaviour and habits and also on the environment where you live
We
can’t deny that health is affected by habits and environment. It is
true that there are certain behaviours that have a negative impact on
our health. For example, Moroccan people who are known for overeating
and inactivity suffer from blood pressure and heart attack. In contrast,
the French, who have balanced diets and exercise regularly, suffer less
from these health problems. Besides, some statistics prove that people
who consult a doctor regularly don’t have serious health problems.

In
addition, the environment has an impact on our health. Living in a
clean environment helps people to keep healthy and not to have
respiratory problems or chest pains. Pollution can kill people. People
who live in sunny and clean places and breathe in fresh air are likely
to keep healthy and live happily.

رسالة تعزية شخص فقد والده
Dear Ahmed,
Please accept my sincere condolences on the passing of your dear father. I am so sorry about your loss.
Although
I never met your father, I know how much he meant to you. Through your
stories of his frugality, his love of nature, and his loving support of
you, I feel as though I knew him. I know he was a fine man and that his
absence will be felt by many people.
When
my father died, it gave me a good feeling to talk with people about
him. I would enjoy hearing more about your father and his life if you
would like to share memories when we get together. In the meantime, I
will be thinking of you and your family.With deep sympathy
رسالة اعتذار عن عدم حضور حفل زواج




APOLOGY FOR NOT BEING ABLE TO ATTEND A WEDDING PARTY
Dear Mustapha,
Many thanks for your invitation to attend your son's wedding, to be held on the fifth day of the current month.
I
am suffering from a bad cold which obligers me to stay in bed. I
enclose a cheque for a small amount which is intended to the bride and
bridegroom as a wedding present.
I wish to the newly weds happiness and many grandchildren to you.
Yours Truly
وصف شخص
Mr Mustapha is a thin man, strong as his bark, slow, lucid one of the
men who seem made to be always in touch with their favorite world: the
sea
He has a big nose, big forehead, big eyes that can detect the deepest secrets of the sea
It offers, at first sight a vague resemblance Cousteau discovered the hidden signs of a world completely different from ours.
His teeth are black and few, his mouth is so wrinkled that it delivers a blend of vocabulary relating to maritime affairs.
This is a great man and a true professional fisherman.
Self-confidence and resignation fish hook tormented by a rare
compassion, harmony of body and soul, good heart, all his qualities made
him a respectful person
حوادث السير نتائجها واسبابها
The results of traffic accidents and their causes
Cause
of traffic accidents on public roads, loss of significant human and
material drain on human and material resources and take the lives of
thousands of people annually from all ages, and which have negative
psychological and social families of the victims.
Hardly
a day goes by without hearing about a traffic accident here and another
there and the fall of the innocent victims, so that whole families are
the victims of traffic accidents unfortunate sometimes.
Causes
of traffic accidents are many and varied from lack of preparation of
the car and the varying technical expertise and knowledge of drivers to
drive a car and ignorance of the law of speeding traffic and poor roads
and other causes that lead to the occurrence of mishaps .
وصف مشاركة مؤسستك المدرسية بالاحتفال باليوم العالمي للبيئة
Describe the involvement Foundation school observance of World Environment Day
In
commemorating the International Day of the Earth and the Environment
allocated secondary second half of the morning for the day Saturday,
17/04/2010 station mission to embrace a range of environmental
activities contributed to the activation of pupils and students in the
organization and were framed from their teachers and the various
components of Directors, where he was during remind everyone the
importance of maintaining the planet and thus creating a clean
environment to ensure a healthy life for all. In order to motivate
everyone to engage in a project to create a healthy atmosphere has
opened a multi-institution works with a group of pupils and students
clean the classrooms The second group has planted some trees and
flowers. While costing the third set and frame the professors left the
national anthem on one wall organization, as well as do some murals and
the municipal workers pruned some trees, which increased from an
aesthetic enterprise in an atmosphere characterized by a spirit of
citizenship and high all participated in the success of this day of the
week allocated to the land and the environment
Distance Learning
التعليم عن بعد
Intended
to distance learning to use communication technology and computer
technology in the education process. This is called the process also
terms such as
Internet-Based Learning , Distributed Learning
,Computer-Mediated Communication . And distance education is the
transfer of science centers, with whom in the capitals of States to
cities away where there are no means and modes of knowledge vast and
specialized. And the connection between the student recipient and
lecturer interactive interactive and allows the distance education
system the ability to receive lectures from a source far from the place
of the lecture At the same the same speed implementation time and real
time application of this system can be broadcast live and taped lectures
with high efficiency, where the listener or student from attending a
lecture inside or outside the borders of Marocco.


طلب وظيفة في مؤسسة
2010/05/10
Mustapha B
-hay eSalam .... Sale --11000
Phone:
E-mail. maghraba@maghraba.com

Subject: Job application
It is a pleasure to extend to you the distinguished
Requests of this and of: «job applications in your organization».
Inform you that I was born in Rabat 17/04/1988 uptake
Certificate Bachelor of Science in financial management specialization.
In the end, I am sure that my request took all the attention
And to you my sincere thanks and assurances of respect and appreciation.
Secret immigration
Morocco
is among the countries that suffer from the issue of illegal
immigration in particular because of its geographical location. illegal
immigration as a dream of William embrace Europe. and the desire to
achieve lethal to the west and other remains reflected in various
regions of Morocco in particular and of Africa generally balanced
between hope and despair. They decided to mount the vessel through death
unknown. But nuclear weapons to consider immigration dream
non-confidential for unemployed youth work and my father crossed many
other reasons for true paradise ... suicide illegal immigration side
adventure of using solutions for Tadert eliminated. And unemployment
subsistence, poverty and weak labor market and the system of social
fragility and economic reasons most important to assemble boats of death
unknown
Reasons for making the day a global environment
اسباب جعل يوم عالمي للبيئة
Experiencing the globe, from high rates of contamination in all parts
of the world, trying to organizations and associations to protect the
alert to this danger and work to reduce the aggravation of this
phenomenon, which threatens the lives of so many human beings and their
vulnerability to extinction, especially some species of animals, plants
and marine resources in addition to the dangers that threaten the health
man
The festival environment
The
festival was conceived by lovers of nature to give all the pleasure to
discover or rediscover its natural resources, to renew ties strong with
the environment. For five days, professional and volunteer networks of
Conservation discover (free) areas known or unknown.
Hundreds of walks in familiar places like corners normally inaccessible, are organized by those who know every detail.
The public is invited to discover species emblematic or unrecognized,
some familiar territory to survey led by naturalist guides, to better
understand the work and passion for natural area managers, foresters,
actors of protection nature which ensure the maintenance of
biodiversity.
For this fourth edition, the organizers would like to
see participate as individuals. They are likely to maintain a piece of
nature in their property or their simple garden. Creating conviviality
and exchange about the nature in private places is now an objective of
the Festival of Nature 2010.
Naturalists are near you, and you do not know ... They always show you what lies behind the door ...
This festival of five days is an opportunity to meet them!
The Festival of Nature is also a great time of emergency awareness and
issues of protection of biodiversity. It raises questions about man's
place in nature and its responsibility in the conservation of
biodiversity.
brain drain
Brain drain is the departure of educated or talented persons for better
pay or jobs elsewhere. The term originated about 1960, when many
British scientists and intellectuals immigrated to the United States for
a better working climate.
Economically speaking, brain drain means
an emigration of trained and talented individuals ("human capital") to
other nations because of conflicts and lack of opportunity. It parallels
the term "capital flight" which refers to financial capital that is no
longer invested in the country where its owner lived and earned it.

When a highly qualified professional chooses to leave his own country
for another, he does so for one or several legitimate political or
economic reasons: peace and security for himself and his family, job
satisfaction, better pay and conditions, a higher standard of living,
etc. Throughout history, countries and centres of academic excellence
which offer these attractions have received the largest numbers of
professional migrants and these have, in turn, made substantial
contributions, not only to the economic growth of their host countries,
but also to the scientific and technological advancement of humanity.The
loss of such bog number of skilled immigrants results in huge losses
that are very difficult to compensate for even in long years to come.
The brain drain is actually affecting the economies and social
structures of a country, especially the emerging countries that have to
do everything they can to stop this phenomenon.
Finally, I do
believe that it is the responsibility of both governments and
individuals to try harder to stop the flow of highly skilled people from
their own countries resulting in a brain drain that affects each and
every society.

Advances in technology
Technology is a broad concept that deals with a people’s usage and
knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects man’s ability to
control and adapt to its environment. In human society, technology is a
consequence of science and engineering. In the last two centuries,
humanity has witnessed great technological developments that are not to
be paralleled with any other past times in history. These technological
advances range from the invention of the light bulb to the latest
wireless computers and internet devices. But what are the implications
of these technological advances on our societies.
To begin with,
technological advances have helped people use tools and materials that
made life easier for them. To give one example, the use of the phone and
the internet has made it extremely possible to communicate with any
person on any other part of the world. So, the limitations in
communication that we had in the past are all over by now. Academically
speaking, students no longer rely today entirely on books to look for
the information they need to do a research. Rather they are invited now
to search the internet and get ready-made information that saves both
time and effort. Spatially speaking, people managed to set their foot on
the moon and discover things that were in the past only myths for many
of us.
However technological advances have had also their negative
sides. To illustrate to that, internet use has made the gap even greater
between those who have access to it and those who don’t. Let us
remember that there are those who can’t have yet access even to
electricity to use all those technological advances which seem to be
made mainly for those who have the means to buy it. The advances in
telecommunication have also made people more selfish in the sense that
everyone now has his/her mobile phone; and we no longer have family
conversations or calls for the whole family. Every one holds private
conversations on the phone that other can’t know about. For all these
reasons, I believe that one has to look at the other side of the coin
and believe that technological development is double-edged.
To
conclude, and as far as I am concerned, technological advances are a
major step in the development of nations and societies and it is
imperative to make good use of those developments and make it accessible
to all individuals in the world.


The advantages and disadvantages of technology
In fact, technology has changed the way we live and communicate, but at
the same time it is the reason behind many problems and phenomena in
our daily life.
Mankind is grateful for technology’s benefits in
different domains. For example, with internet people can get information
easily, sending résumés to companies and booking rooms in hotels. In
regard to transport, people can travel wherever they love in a very
short time. In addition, technology has helped doctors to find cures to
some chronic diseases.
Despite its advantages, people’s health is
getting worse and worse because of the fumes of factories and the smoke
of cars and buses. The most dangerous inventions are rockets and bombs
which kill innocent people and destroy everything. Moreover, workers are
replaced by machines in companies which increases the number of
joblessness in many countries.
It all comes down to saying that
people must be aware of the use of technology, since this latter aims at
improving people’s life not killing creatures.


Women’s position
Nowadays, we all notice that women’s position has greatly changed in
society. Their efforts have been crowned by getting an equal position to
men in all domains.
Women could not go to school and stayed with
their parents at homes. Thus they were regarded illiterate and ignorant
as well. Their jobs were looking after their husbands, cooking daily
meals and washing dishes as machines. They were not allowed to vote and
were under the authority of men. When it comes to clothes, women used to
wear jallaba and veil, and could not go anywhere without the permission
of their husbands and parents.
Everything has now changed, women
have become aware of the significance of education, and so they go to
school and get good marks. More than that, they have been appointed
teachers and directresses in great schools. Because of their strong
struggles, women can share with men some political posts like working in
courts as judges or lawyers. In addition to that, women wear whatever
they love and go to cafés as men
All in all, the marginalization of
women in the past led them to suffer a lot and live a difficult life.
However, women struggled to show their existence in society and have
finally got their rights as men

personal values
Personal values are one of the most important things in our life. This
Life as we know it now wouldn’t be possible without personal values that
regulate it. Indeed, the more values a person has the more respect and
admiration she/he gets. For instance, people who value hard-work often
end up being the most successful. I have never known a person who works
hard and never succeeds in life. Likewise, honesty is another value that
is key to success in life. Honest people earn the trust and reliability
of others. They are valued for their honesty and truthfulness.
Undoubtedly, there is nothing more rewarding than knowing people with
such values as honesty and hard-work. With these people one can
establish fruitful relationships that are to the advantage of everyone.
True to say, honesty and hard-work are two cornerstones for a good and
successful life
Letter of complaint
رسالة تشكي حول شيء اشتريته ووجدت به خلل
24 Rotterdam, Hauges Avenue
12 streets Harlem
Holland
20/11/2007
Mr Fred, manager of youth school
Magazine, industry Road Amsterdam
Dear sir or Madam,
I am a keen reader of the local school magazine « spotlight » and
I have been impressed by a number of articles I read there. Today I
take the chance to write you an article about a worrying school
phenomenon; namely, smoking.
To start with and as far as I am
concerned there are predisposing factors that lead some students to take
up smoking. I mean here that certain conditions in their lives make it
more likely for these students to smoke. Socially, students who take up
smoking usually come from poor families or working ones that do not have
the time to supervise their children after school. Besides that,
students are heavily influenced by the others who smoke. As they see
their peers smoking, they can’t help giving it a try. Undoubtedly, the
family structures and backgrounds and the social surrounding play a
determining role in this fact.
Academically, students who do poorly
in school are known to be taking up smoking more than any others. The
school frustrations and the feeling of an inability to keep up with the
rest of the class push some students to do irresponsible deeds.
It
goes without saying that smoking has a negative impact on every addict.
Among young people, the short-term health effects of smoking include
damage to the respiratory system, addiction to nicotine, and the
associated risk of other drug use. Long-term health consequences of
youth smoking are reinforced by the fact that most young people who
smoke regularly continue to smoke throughout adulthood. Therefore, they
become vulnerable to many illnesses, such as cancer.
To conclude,
smoking is a major youth problem that needs the help and the
contribution of everyone of us to try to limit this bad habit. Indeed,
it is imperative that each and every one of us take a step towards
informing and sensitizing our youth of the dangers of smoking. By way of
this same contribution I have been glad to write you these lines to
state my stand in your promising magazine
Yours Anuarmadridista.

Life in the countryside
Many people believe that life in the countryside is mush better than in
the city ,well they are wrong , living in the countryside is really
difficult ,going out at night , for instance , is useless since there is
nowhere to go to enjoy oneself, another thing is that when a person
falls sick it is difficult to find an ambulance to take him to the
nearest hospital .another misconception is about pollution , the
countryside is not wholly clean , the air we breathe is not as fresh as
people think ,many houses are not connected to the main sewage ,and do
you know that many factories exist in many villages
Poverty
Poverty is becoming a serious problems for many countries , it affects
the whole society and delays the development of the country .
Poor
families very often have health problems , because they have lot of
children , parents are unable to provide medicine for them ,also they
cant send them to school since schooling is expensive , they send them
instead to work and bring them money , so when members of society are
unhealthy or illiterate this affect the development of the country .
Poverty is a serious problem, an enemy that government should fight by
trying to make all members of society benefit from the resources of
their country and work for its development .
Parents-children relationship
Parents-children relationship differ from one family to another . While
some parents complain that their children don't listen to them anymore ,
children on the other hand complain that their parents don't understand
them any longer .
My relationship with my parents is a good one , I
respect them and understand them, the allow me to choose my friends my
cloths to travel alone and to invite friends home, however , they are
very strict when it comes to my homework or staying late out late at
night .
To have a good parents-relationship is very easy thing if
both parents and children make efforts to create such a kind of relation
ship .

Television
? Television has became part of our every day life .what are its advantages and disadvantages
On the one hand, TV has became the most influential means of the mass
media because it has both sound and picture .it's also the most popular
source of information education and international , in brief TV brings
the whole word to us .
One the other hand TV develops passive and
lazy viewers . it also prevents communication between the members of the
family besides students don't their homwork and may became aggressive
when they watch films of violence .
war
WAR is one of the wost
crime that pople have ever made to the humanity . that's why we should
know why some ediot poeple can't stand leaving in peace becuase
the
best thing that can draw the smile on every one's face is the peace. but
in reality we have a deferent image to the world, we see that no one
want to respect the right of other or want's to enslave poeple or take
there weals, and they make some silly reasons to get what they want
exactly like what happend to
our brothers in iraq .
war also creat a very bad destarction and ruin in everywhere .
and from the main point we can say that poepl in stean of burning world
they have to to learn how to leave in peace and creat the happiness
instead of hate and killing .
Working children
Child labour is one of the problems that many
countries face, there are various causes that drive children to work
some of them drop out of school in order to help their poor or sick
parents others have to work because they are orphans. In addiction some
parents are ignorant they think education is a waste of time .

Working children face a tough life; in factories and mines they work in
bad conditions no fresh air, long hours they may be injured by machines
they are also deprived of education and childhood

Humain rights
The concept of human rights has existed under several names in European
thought for many centuries, at least since the time of King John of
England . After the king violated a number of ancient laws and customs
by which England had been governed, his subjects forced him to sign the
Magna Carta, or Great Charter, which enumerates a number of what later
came to be thought of as human rights. Among them were the right of the
church to be free from governmental interference, the rights of all free
citizens to own and inherit property and be free from excessive taxes.
It established the right of widows who owned property to choose not to
remarry, and established principles of due process and equality before
the law. It also contained provisions forbidding bribery and official
misconduct .
The political and religious traditions in other parts
of the world also proclaimed what have come to be called human rights,
calling on rulers to rule justly and compassionately, and delineating
limits on their power over the lives, property, and activities of their
citizens .
In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in Europe
several philosophers proposed the concept of "natural rights," rights
belonging to a person by nature and because he was a human being, not by
virtue of his citizenship in a particular country or membership in a
particular religious or ethnic group. This concept was vigorously
debated and rejected by some philosophers as baseless. Others saw it as a
formulation of the underlying principle on which all ideas of citizens'
rights and political and religious liberty were based .
In the late
1700s two revolutions occurred which drew heavily on this concept. In
1776 most of the British colonies in North America proclaimed their
independence from the British Empire in a document which still stirs
feelings, and debate, the U.S. Declaration of Independence

smoking
When your parents were young, people could buy cigarettes and smoke
pretty much anywhere - even in hospitals! Ads for cigarettes were all
over the place. Today we're more aware about how bad smoking is for our
health. Smoking is restricted or banned in almost all public places and
cigarette companies are no longer allowed to advertise on buses or
trains, billboards, TV, and in many magazines .
Almost everyone
knows that smoking causes cancer, emphysema, and heart disease; that it
can shorten your life by 14 years or more; and that the habit can cost a
smoker thousands of dollars a year. So how come people are still
lighting up !

natural disaster
A is the consequence of when a
potential natural hazard becomes a physical event (e.g. volcanic
eruption, earthquake, landslide) and this interacts with human
activities. Human vulnerability, caused by the lack of planning, lack of
appropriate emergency management or the event being unexpected, leads
to financial, structural, and human losses. The resulting loss depends
on the capacity of the population to support or resist the disaster ,
their resilience.[1] This understanding is concentrated in the
formulation : " disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerability".[2] A
natural hazard will hence never result in a natural disaster in areas
without vulnerability, e.g . strong earthquakes in uninhabited areas.
The term natural has consequently been disputed because the events
simply are not hazards or disasters without human involvement

Globalization
Globalization refers to increasing global connectivity, integration and
interdependence in the economic, social, technological, cultural,
political, and ecological spheres. Globalization is an umbrella term and
is perhaps best understood as a unitary process inclusive of many
sub-processes (such as enhanced economic interdependence, increased
cultural influence, rapid advances of information technology, and novel
governance and geopolitical challenges ) that are increasingly binding
people and the biosphere more tightly into one global system .
There
are several definitions and all usually mention the increasing
connectivity of economies and ways of life across the world. The
Encyclopedia Britannica says that globalization is the "process by which
the experience of everyday life ... is becoming standardized around the
world ." While some scholars and observers of globalization stress
convergence of patterns of production and consumption and a resulting
homogenization of culture, others stress that globalization has the
potential to take many diverse forms .

Advertinsing
One the
hand advertising makes consumers aware, of the new products on the
market and helps them spend their money wisely it also as creates many
jobs .
On the other hand advertising makes people feel frustrated,
if they can't afford the products .it also increases the prise of goods
what's more it urges consumers to buy unnecessary commodities .

Emmigration
Morocco recently saw a migration of the population of cities and
villages me especially in the last 50 years that happened Leone Morocco
for independence . What are the reasons that drive housing villages to
migrate to cities? And what are the causes of migrations out of the
negative impact ?
- There is a range of reasons why the villagers to
the cities Tahgerh me among them lack even the most basic means
necessary hospitals and transportation means Finding work
Mestekareaulthossein circumstances of living ... ect . The result eased
the congestion entire towns and neighborhoods Baladi shanties and Tahera
begging and the use of young children Resulting from the whole
circumcision eased some tragic scenes
- Finally, I wish to state
that changed everything in their power to stop the advance of the pious
and out of control the situation
education
Education encompasses
teaching and learning specific skills, and also something less tangible
but more profound: the imparting of knowledge, good judgement and
wisdom. Education has as one of its fundamental goals the imparting of
culture from generation to generation (see socialization ). Education
means 'to draw out', facilitating realisation of self-potential and
latent talents of an individual. It is an application of pedagogy, a
body of theoretical and applied research relating to teaching and
learning and draws on many disciplines such as psychology, philosophy,
computer science, linguistics , neuroscience, sociology and anthropology
.
The education of an individual human begins at birth and
continues throughout life. (Some believe that education begins even
before birth, as evidenced by some parents' playing music or reading to
the baby in the womb in the hope it will influence the child's
development.) For some, the struggles and triumphs of daily life provide
far more instruction than does formal schooling (thus Albert Einstein's
admonition to "never let school interfere with your education"). Family
members may have a profound educational effect — often more profound
than they realize — though family teaching may -- # وصلة ممنوعة 1778 #
-- very informally
Terrorism
Terrorism is a term used to describe violence or other harmful acts .
Terrorism expert Walter Laqueur in 1999 has counted over 100 definitions
and concludes that the "only general characteristic generally agreed
upon is that terrorism involves violence and the threat of violence".
Most definitions of terrorism include only those acts which are intended
to create fear or "terror ", are perpetrated for an ideological goal
(as opposed to a "madman" attack), and deliberately target
"non-combatants ".
As a form of unconventional warfare , terrorism
is sometimes used when attempting to force political change by :
convincing a government or population to agree to demands to avoid
future harm or fear of harm, destabilization of an existing government,
motivating a disgruntled population to join an uprising, escalating a
conflict in the hopes of disrupting the status quo, expressing a
grievance, or drawing attention to a cause .
The terms "terrorism"
and "terrorist" (someone who engages in terrorism) carry a strong
negative connotation. These terms are often used as political labels to
condemn violence or threat of violence by certain actors as immoral,
indiscriminate, or unjustified. Those labeled "terrorists" rarely
identify themselves as such, and typically use other generic terms or
terms specific to their situation, such as: separatist, freedom fighter,
liberator , revolutionary, vigilante, militant, paramilitary,
guerrilla, rebel, jihadi or mujaheddin, or fedayeen, or any
similar-meaning word in other languages .
Terrorism has been used by
a broad array of political organizations in furthering their
objectives; both right-wing and left-wing political parties,
nationalistic, and religious groups, revolutionaries and ruling
governments.The presence of non-state actors in widespread armed
conflict has created controversy regarding the application of the laws
of war .
An International Roundtable on Constructing Peace,
Deconstructing Terror (2004) hosted by Strategic Foresight Group
recommended that a distinction should be made between terrorism and acts
of terror. While acts of terror are criminal acts as per the United
Nations Security Council Resolution 1373 and domestic jurisprudence of
almost all countries in the world, terrorism refers to a phenomenon
including acts, perpetrators of acts of terror and motives of the
perpetrators. There is a disagreement on definition of terrorism.
However, there is an intellectual consensus globally that acts of terror
should not be accepted under any circumstances. This is reflected in
all important conventions including the United Nations counter terrorism
strategy, outcome of the Madrid Conference on terrorism and outcome of
the Strategic Foresight Group and ALDE roundtables at the European
Parliament

Leisure time
Recreation is very important for one
health whoever we are we need leisure activities because they enable us
our minds and bodies
If we go on working without a break we'll get bord and exchasted
Therfore we should spend our free time on the things we like doing much
as listing to music and pratising sport in this way we'll have energy
to rasume our studies and warking
OK sany I PPRESENT TO YOU THIS OBJECT OF THE HOW CAN AIR POLLUTION HURT MY HEALTH
air pollution can effect our health in many ways with a both short-term
effects different groups of individuals are effected by air pollution
in different ways . some individualsare much more sensitive to
pollutants than are others. young children and elderly people after
suffer môre from effects of air pollution.poeple with health problems
such asthma .heart and lung disease may olso suffer more when the air is
poolluted the extent to wich in individual is harmed by air pollution
usualy depends on the total to the damaging chimicals i.e the duration
of exposure and the concentration of the chimicals must be taken into
account..this s the end of pragraph i wish to benefit it ok

Racism
Racism or racialism is a form of race, especially the belief that one
race is superior to another. Racism may be expressed individually and
consciously , through explicit thoughts, feelings, or acts, or socially
and unconsciously , through institutions that promote inequality between
races .
In the 19th century many legitimized racist beliefs and
practices through scientific theories about biological differences among
races. Today, most scientists have rejected the biological basis of
race or the validity of "race" as a scientific concept. Racism, then,
becomes discrimination based on alleged race. Racists themselves usually
do believe that humans are divided into different races .
There are
two main definitions of racism today. One of them states that racism is
dicrimination based on alleged race, the other - newer - one states
that racism has started to include also discrimination based on religion
or culture
women working
There have been a lot of chages in our social life in the last decades
.many more women working ,of course ,has the lifestyle of many families
Many people are worried whether a carrer women can properly care for the children the advantage of women working
women and men are equal and should also have the right have a job
women should hlep in the devlopment of theircountry
carrer mot her are usually educated and so can help their family
the disadvantage of carrer women : women find ut difficult to take very
good care of children while working out side they usually nturn home
tired often a day 's work outside the also have to deal with the house
work the are left with litter time to care for their childern .
thes affect a lot the whole family ,and may cause problems for children at schol ....e bc .
. finally i say that at taking good care children of women /mothers alonne
man/father should also share this responsibility with their wives
life is getting very expensive and women to help their family
A drought
A drought is a prolonged, abnormally dry period when there is not
enough water for users' normal needs. Drought is not simply low
rainfall; if it was, much of inland Australia would be in almost
perpetual drought. Because people use water in so many different ways,
there is no universal definition of drought .
Meteorologists monitor
the extent and severity of drought in terms of rainfall deficiencies.
Agriculturalists rate the impact on primary industries, hydrologists
compare ground water levels, and sociologists define it on social
expectations and perceptions

Leiure
. What i do in my free time ? Well, i like to exercise and sports ,
especially Karate. Just the same, i like to watch a football match or a
good film sometimes .
Music- now that`s somethingi like as much as
sport. I very often listen to music on the radio.but what i lke best is
reading books on biology,chemistry and physics. These are my favourite
subjects at school.what about friends? Ilike to be with them on Saturday
racism
Racism or racialism is a form of race, especially the belief that one
race is superior to another. Racism may be expressed individually and
consciously , through explicit thoughts, feelings, or acts, or socially
and unconsciously , through institutions that promote inequality between
races ..
In the 19th century many legitimized racist beliefs and
practices through scientific theories about biological differences among
races. Today, most scientists have rejected the biological basis of
race or the validity of "race" as a scientific concept. Racism, then,
becomes discrimination based on alleged race. Racists themselves usually
do believe that humans are divided into different races .
There are
two main definitions of racism today. One of them states that racism is
dicrimination based on alleged race, the other - newer - one states
that racism has started to include also discrimination based on religion
or culture

- women
Millions of women throughout the world
live in conditions of abject deprivation of, and attacks against, their
fundamental human rights for no other reason than that they are women .
Combatants and their sympathizers in conflicts, such as those in Sierra
Leone, Kosovo, the Democratic Republic of Congo , Afghanistan, and
Rwanda, have raped women as a weapon of war with near complete impunity.
Men in Pakistan, South Africa, Peru, Russia, and Uzbekistan beat women
in the home at astounding rates, while these governments alternatively
refuse to intervene to protect women and punish their batterers or do so
haphazardly and in ways that make women feel culpable for the violence.
As a direct result of inequalities found in their countries of origin,
women from Ukraine, Moldova, Nigeria, the Dominican Republic, Burma, and
Thailand are bought and sold, trafficked to work in forced
prostitution, with insufficient government attention to protect their
rights and punish the traffickers. In Guatemala , South Africa, and
Mexico, women's ability to enter and remain in the work force is
obstructed by private employers who use women's reproductive status to
exclude them from work and by discriminatory employment laws or
discriminatory enforcement of the law. In the U.S., students
discriminate against and attack girls in school who are lesbian,
bi-sexual, or transgendered , or do not conform to male standards of
female behavior. Women in Morocco , Jordan, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia
face government-sponsored discrimination that renders them unequal
before the law - including discriminatory family codes that take away
women's legal authority and place it in the hands of male family members
- and restricts women's participation in public life
internet

The Internet is a worldwide, publicly accessible network of
interconnected computer networks that transmit data by packet switching
using the standard Internet Protocol (IP). It is a "network of networks"
that consists of millions of smaller domestic, academic, business, and
government networks , which together carry various information and
services, such as electronic mail , online chat, file transfer, and the
interlinked web pages and other documents of the world wide web .

The USSR's launch of Sputnik spurred the United States to create the
Advanced Research Projects Agency, known as ARPA, in February 1958 to
regain a technological lead.[1][2] ARPA created the Information
Processing Technology Office (IPTO) to further the research of the Semi
Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) program, which had networked
country-wide together for the first time.
Science, and technology
The distinction between science, and technology is not always clear.
Science is the reasoned investigation or study of phenomena, aimed at
discovering enduring principles among elements of the phenomenal world
by employing formal techniques such as the scientific method.
Technologies are not usually exclusively products of science, because
they have to satisfy requirements such as utility, usability and safety.
Technology is often a consequence of science and engineering — although
technology as a human activity precedes the two fields. For example,
science might study the flow of electrons in electrical conductors, by
using already-existing tools and knowledge. This new-found knowledge may
then be used by engineers to create new tools and machines, such as
semiconductors, computers, and other forms of advanced technology. In
this sense, scientists and engineers may both be considered
technologists; the three fields are often considered as one for the
purposes of research and reference .
Cultural values
Groups,
societies, or cultures have values that are largely shared by their
members. The values identify those objects, conditions or
characteristics that members of the society consider important; that is,
valuable. In the United States, for example, values might include
material comfort, wealth, competition, individualism or religiosity. The
values of a society can often be identified by noting which people
receive honor or respect. In the US, for example, professional athletes
are more highly honored than college professors, in part because the
society values physical activity and competitiveness more than mental
activity and education. Surveys show that voters in the United States
would be reluctant to elect an atheist as a president, suggesting that
belief in God is a value.
Values are related to the norms of a
culture, but they are more general and abstract than norms. Norms are
rules for behavior in specific situations, while values identify what
should be judged as good or bad. Flying the national flag on a holiday
is a norm, but it reflects the value of patriotism. Wearing dark
clothing and appearing solemn are normative behaviors at a funeral. They
reflect the values of respect and support of friends and family.

Members take part in a culture even if each member's personal values do
not entirely agree with some of the normative values sanctioned in the
culture. This reflects an individual's ability to synthesize and extract
aspects valuable to them from the multiple subcultures they belong to.
If a group member expresses a value that is in serious conflict with
the group's norms, the group's authority may carry out various ways of
encouraging conformity or stigmatizing the non-conforming behavior of
its members. For example, imprisonment can result from conflict with
social norms that have been established as law.

humor
I think that the best things to relief from stress is to watch some
sitcoms or hear something funny like jokes ...person should develop his
sense of humor and he should be cool , Comic and optimistic, because
some expert of mental. health have noted that we can't imagine going
through a day without laughter.
Humor will make every part of your life better.
It will help you trough difficult times and it will help you make the
good times even letter, also i twill attract good people and good
situations to you. So cheer up .
drop out of school
Increasing stress in school, at work, and at home has caused many students to drop out of school to escape their problems.
With this increasing amount of stress and work, some students have
become very frustrated and depressed. Students then drop out of school
and take the easy way out to eliminate some of that stress.
Students
who are most likely to drop out of school are those who do not have a
great interest in school, or students that have many adult
responsibilities placed upon them. These problems can force some
students into the work force. They do this both to provide money for
themselves and to fill the gap that was once school.
Students in
high school do not have to deal with these problems alone. There are
guidance counsellors to talk to, as well as close friends and teachers
to prevent certain students from.
Financial crisis
The financial repercussions of the crisis resulting from the mortgage
crisis, which surfaced in 2007 because of the failure of millions of
borrowers to buy houses and real estate in the United States to pay
their debts to banks .
This led to a crisis for the American
economy, reaching consequences to the economies of Europe and Asia in
the process of throwing out a large number of major banks and
international financial institutions .
Failed by the hundreds of
billions of dollars pumped into global financial markets to put an end
to the crisis in mortgages, which has been brewing beneath the surface,
even evolved into a global financial crisis, has made no secret of many
officials fear that the global economic systems DASHES up and its
implications to many parts of the world

What is the swine flu
Disease, swine flu and severe acute respiratory disease, infects pigs
and is caused by one or more of the swine flu virus type A. This is a
disease, usually of high morbidity rates and low mortality rates (1%
-4%). And spreading the virus between pigs through the mist and direct
contact, indirect and pigs turned out to be non-disease symptoms. And
records of outbreaks of the disease in pigs throughout the year, with a
high incidence in the autumn and winter seasons in temperate regions.
And many countries tend to vaccinate pigs against the swarms of the
disease is routinely
Working children
Child labour is one of the problems that many countries face, there are
various causes that drive children to work some of them drop out of
school in order to help their poor or sick parents others have to work
because they are orphans. In addiction some parents are ignorant they
think education is a waste of time.
Working children face a tough
life; in factories and mines they work in bad conditions no fresh air,
long hours they may be injured by machines they are also deprived of
education and childhood
Air pollution
air pollution can effect our health in many ways with a both short-term
effects different groups of individuals are effected by air pollution
in different ways .some individuals are much more sensitive to
pollutants than are others. young children and elderly people after
suffer more from effects of air pollution people with health problems
such asthma .heart and lung disease may also suffer more when the air is
polluted the extent to witch in individual is harmed by air pollution
usually depends on the total to the damaging chemicals. The duration of
exposure and the concentration of the chemicals must be taken into
account. This s the end of paragraph I wish to benefit it ok
Cultural values
Groups, societies, or cultures have values that are largely shared by
their members. The values identify those objects, conditions or
characteristics that members of the society consider important; that is,
valuable. In the United States, for example, values might include
material comfort, wealth, competition, individualism or religiosity. The
values of a society can often be identified by noting which people
receive honour or respect. In the US, for example, professional athletes
are more highly honoured than college professors, in part because the
society values physical activity and competitiveness more than mental
activity and education


Young people
Old people are more annoying by far. They are so quick to degrade and
stereotype younger people even though every group has had their
criminals and bad apples. They are rude and think they can say or do
anything to anyone without the other person having any recourse. I have
been victimized numerous times by older people and all old people can do
is keep degrading us. So I chose Young people because that has a no one
can touch me attitude, demo and think they know everything

Science and technologies
The
distinction between science and technology is not always clear. Science
is the reasoned investigation or study of phenomena, aimed at
discovering enduring principles among elements of the phenomenal world
by employing formal techniques such as the scientific method.
Technologies are not usually exclusively products of science, because
they have to satisfy requirements such as utility, usability and safety.
Technology is often a consequence of science and engineering — although
technology as a human activity precedes the two fields. For example,
science might study the flow of electrons in electrical conductors, by
using already-existing tools and knowledge. This new-found knowledge may
then be used by engineers to create new tools and machines, such as
semiconductors, computers, and other forms of advanced technology. In
this sense, scientists and engineers may both be considered
technologists; the three fields are often considered as one for the
purposes of research and reference .
Human rights
The concept of human rights has existed under several names in European
thought for many centuries, at least since the time of King John of
England. After the king violated a number of ancient laws and customs by
which England had been governed, his subjects forced him to sign the
Magna Cart, or Great Charter, which enumerates a number of what later
came to be thought of as human rights.
Right of women
Nowadays we take it for granted that women have the same rights as men
before the First World War few people believed this. As far as work was
concerned there were jobs wish were regarded as women's jobs and other
which were regarded as men's jobs. Women's jobs were generally lower
paid as men's. Men did almost all the heavy jobs in industry or in
transport. Women had jobs like dress-making, cleaning or worked as
servants. Women's main role was as being to raise children and look for
their home. Women were not expected to take position of leaders chip.
Women's role in development
Women's participation in development has vital benefits. In the case of
morocco, this participation takes place at there main levels: the
social this political and the economic. First, we can't ignore the
active contribution of women in our society as nurses, teachers or
mothers and wives. As nurses. women give help to patients in hospitals.
as teachers ,they teach the young generation and the illiterate. as
mothers and wives, they bring up kids tube good citizens. Second, there
are many women who take leading position in the government with a desire
to encourage democracy, and establish freedom and equal rights at the
components of our society.


Citizenship
is membership in a society, community, city or town but now usually a
country and carries with it to political participation; a person having
such membership is a citizen. Citizenship status often implies some
responsibilities and duties. It is largely coterminous with nationality
although it is possible to have a nationality without being a citizen
legally subject to
a state and entitled to its protection without
having rights of political participation in it); it is also possible to
have political rights without being a national of a state. In most
nations, a non-citizen is a non-national and called either a foreigner
or an alien Citizenship,
International organization
InternationalOrganization
is a leading peer-reviewed journal that covers the entire field
ofinternational affairs. Subject areas include: foreign policies,
internationalrelations, international and comparative political economy,
security policies, environmental disputes and resolutions, European
integration, alliance patternsand war, bargaining and conflict
resolution, economic development andadjustment, and international
capital movements. Published on behalf of theInternational Organization
Foundation
Drop out of school
Increasing stress in school, at work, and at home has caused many
students to drop out of school to escape their problems. With this
increasing amount of stress and work, some students have become very
frustrated and depressed. Students then drop out of school and take the
easy way out to eliminate some of that stress.


Brain drain
The migration of skilled individuals from developing countries has
typically been considered to be costly for the sending country, due to
lost investments in education, high fiscal costs and labor market
distortions. Economic theory, however, raises the possibility of a
beneficial brain drain primarily through improved incentives to acquire
human capital. Our survey of empirical and theoretical work shows under
what circumstances a developing country can benefit from skilled
migration. It argues that the sect oral aspects of migration and
screening of migrants in the receiving country are of major importance
in determining the welfare implications of the brain drain. These
issues, as well as the size of the sending country, duration of
migration and the effect of Diaspora populations, should be addressed in
future empirical work on skilled migration. Brain drain" is the
phenomena whereby nations lose skilled labor because there are better
paid
Jobs
elsewhere. In recent years, this has affected poorer countries more so,
as some rich countries tempt workers away, and workers look to escape
bleak situations in their poor home countries

Sustainable development
Sustainable development is a pattern of resource use that aims to meet
human needs while preserving the natural environment so that these needs
can be met not only in the present, but in the indefinite future. The
term was used by the Brandt and Commission which coined what has become
the most often-quoted definition of sustainable development as
development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising
the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." The field of
sustainable development can be conceptually broken into three
constituent parts: environmental sustainability, economic sustainability
and social






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مُساهمةعنوان المشاركة: رد: انشاءات اللغة الإنجليزية WRITING FOR 2ND BACمرسل: الجمعة يونيو 21, 2013 6:45 am

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